Direct Drive Learners Guide

Learners Guide

Theory Test

Before you can take a practical driving test, you will need to pass a theory test. These tests are conducted at theory test centres located throughout the UK.

The test is divided into the following two sections: multiple choice and hazard perception. The relevant pass mark in both sections needs to be reached in order to pass the theory test.

Multiple Choice

Detailed instructions on how to complete this section are given on the computer screen before the test begins. You will also be given the option of a short practice test to familiarise yourself with the format of the test before you begin. The real test, lasting a maximum of 57 minutes, will start as soon as the practice test has ended.

You will need to score a minimum of 43 points out of 50 on the multiple choice part of the theory test in order to pass this section. One question at a time will be shown with a number of possible answers. Some of the questions will require more than one answer so it is important to read all questions carefully. If you are unsure of any questions, you will be given the option to "flag" them and return to them once you have answered the remaining questions. Some questions may be given in the form of a case study.This is a short story which will consist of a possible scenario that you may encounter whilst driving. Five questions will be based on this case study.

Hazard Perception

During the hazard perception part of the test, you will be shown 14 video clips containing 15 hazards on the screen of a computer. In order to pass this test, you will need to watch these clips closely and click on the mouse provided when you see a developing hazard. Of the 14 clips, one will contain 2 developing hazards and you can score a maximum of 5 points for each hazard. If you attempt to cheat by continuously clicking the mouse, you will score zero and at the end of the test..

To book your theory test online via the official website, use this link https://www.gov.uk/book-theory-test


Practical Driving Test

The practical driving test (car) gives you the opportunity to demonstrate to the examiner that you can drive safely and that you fully understand the Highway Code as well as the theory of safe driving. If you meet this standard consistently throughout the driving test, you will pass.

Eyesight

At the start of the test the examiner will check your eyesight by asking you to read the number plate of a parked vehicle from a distance of 20 metres. If you need to wear glasses or contact lenses in order to read the number plate, it is legal requirements that they are worn for the duration of the driving test and each time you drive. If your eyesight does not meet the required standard after two further attempts at reading a number plate, you will fail your test.

Show me, tell me

The examiner will ask you two questions related to vehicle safety. These are known as “show me, tell me” questions. You will have to show the examiner how you would carry out a safety check and tell them how you would carry out another. If you answer either of these questions incorrectly, one minor driving fault will be recorded on your driving test report form.

Driving ability & Independent driving

The driving part of your test will last for approximately 40 minutes. During this time, the examiner will give you directions. You will also have to drive independently for about 10 minutes, following road signs and markings, a series of simple directions or a combination of both. You may also be shown a simple map diagram at the start of the test or whilst stopped at the side of the road. The independent driving phase of the test allows you to demonstrate your ability to drive in a safe manner and make decisions independently. This is a skill that you will use every time you drive once you have passed your driving test. If you don’t remember every direction or you stray off the route, this will not matter providing you do not commit a driving fault. The examiner will direct you back onto the route and the independent driving phase of the test will continue. You can ask the examiner to confirm that you are still following signs to a particular place at any point during the independent drive.

Emergency stop

You may be asked to perform controlled emergency stop at some stage during the driving test. The examiner will ask you to pull over in a safe place before you are asked to drive on and stop the car as you would in an emergency when instructed to do so.

Reverse exercise

You will be asked to demonstrate that you can control the car safely whilst reversing. The examiner may ask you to perform one of the following manoeuvres: (a) reverse park into a bay or parallel park behind a vehicle, (b) reverse around a corner, (c) a turn in the road.

Test result

At the end of the test, the examiner will add up any driving faults you may have made during the test and tell you the result. You are allowed a maximum of 15 driving faults. If you make one serious or one dangerous fault, you won’t pass. You will be asked if you would like your instructor to listen to a debrief at the end of the test. Regardless of whether you are successful or not, it is advisable to have your instructor listen to the examiners’ recap of your test so any faults, minor or serious, can be addressed.

If you are successful, you will be given a pass certificate by the examiner. They will offer to send your provisional off for you and have your full licence sent directly to you. This can take up to three weeks but you will be able to drive whilst waiting for you pink licence to arrive.

This article was written by Kevin Gilkes (ADI).

To book your practical driving test online via the official website, use this link https://www.gov.uk/book-driving-test

Information relating to the practical driving test was sourced from the Directgov website. http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/Motoring/LearnerAndNewDrivers/PracticalTest/DG_4022540


Show me, tell me

Before you begin the practical part of your driving test, you will be asked two questions relating to vehicle safety, by the examiner. These are known as the “tell me, show me” questions. All drivers are advised to understand the importance of carrying out these basic checks frequently

Below you will find the complete list of “tell me, show me” questions and answers.


Combination 1

Q. Show me how you would check that the direction indicators are working.

A. Apply the indicators or hazard warning switch and check that all indicators are functioning.

Q. Tell me how you would check that the brakes are working before starting a journey.

A. Brakes should not feel slack or spongy. Brakes should be tested as you set off and the vehicle should not pull to one side.

Combination 2

Q. Open the bonnet and identify where the windscreen washer reservoir is then tell me how you would check the windscreen washer level.

A. Identify reservoir and explain how to check the level.

Q. Show me how you would check that the brake lights are working on this car. (I can assist you. If you need to switch the ignition on, please don't start the engine).

A. Press the brake pedal and make use of reflections in windows, garage doors, etc, or ask someone to help (You may need to switch the ignition on but there is no need to start the engine).

Combination 3

Q. Show me / explain how you would check that the power assisted steering is working before starting a journey.

A. If the steering becomes heavy the system may not be working properly. Before starting a journey two simple checks can be made. (1) Apply gentle pressure to the steering wheel (left or right), and maintain that pressure while the engine is started. This should result in a slight but noticeable movement in the steering wheel as the system begins to operate. (2) Turning the steering wheel just after moving off will give an immediate indication that the power assistance is functioning.

Q. Tell me where you would find the information for the recommended tyre pressures for this car and how tyre pressures should be checked.

A. Manufacturer’s guide, use a reliable pressure gauge, check and adjust pressures when tyres are cold, don’t forget spare tyre, remember to refit valve caps.

Combination 4

Q. Show me how you would check the parking brake (handbrake) for excessive wear. Make sure you keep safe control of the vehicle.

A. Apply footbrake firmly. Demonstrate by applying the parking brake (handbrake) so that when it is fully applied it secures itself, and is not at the end of the working travel.

Q. Identify where the windscreen washer reservoir is and tell me how you would check the windscreen washer level.

A. Identify the reservoir and explain how to check level using the minimum and maximum markers

Combination 5

Q. Open the bonnet, identify where you would check the engine oil level and tell me how you would check that the engine has sufficient oil.

A. Identify dipstick / oil level indicator, describe how to check the oil level against the minimum/maximum markers.

Q. Tell me where you would find the information for the recommended tyre pressures for this car and how tyre pressures should be checked.

A. Manufacturer’s guide, use a reliable pressure gauge, check and adjust pressures when tyres are cold, don’t forget spare tyre, remember to refit valve caps.

Combination 6

Q. Open the bonnet, identify where you would check the engine coolant level and tell me how you would check that the engine has the correct level.

A. Identify min/max level markings on header tank where fitted or radiator filler cap, and describe how to top up to correct level.

Q. Tell me how you make sure your head restraint is correctly adjusted so it provides the best protection in the event of a crash.

A. The head restraint should be adjusted so the rigid part of the head restraint is at least as high as the eye or top of the ears, and as close to the back of the head as is comfortable. Note: Some restraints might not be adjustable.

Combination 7

Q. Open the bonnet, identify where the brake fluid reservoir is and tell me how you would check that you have a safe level of hydraulic brake fluid.

A. Identify reservoir, check level against high/low markings.

Q. Tell me how you would check the tyres to ensure that they have sufficient tread depth and that their general condition is safe to use on the road.

A. No cuts and bulges, 1.6mm of tread depth across the central ¾ of the breadth of the tyre and around the entire outer circumference.

Combination 8

Q. Show me how you would check that the horn is working (off road only).

A. Check is carried out by pressing the horn briefly (turn on ignition if necessary).

Q. Tell me how you would check the tyres to ensure that they have sufficient tread depth and that their general condition is safe to use on the road.

A. No cuts and bulges, 1.6mm of tread depth across the central ¾ of the breadth of the tyre and around the entire outer circumference.

Combination 9

Q. Tell me how you would check that the brakes are working before starting a journey.

A. Brakes should not feel spongy or slack. Brakes should be tested as you set off. Vehicle should not pull to one side.

Q. Show me how you would clean the windscreen using the windscreen washer and wipers.

A. Operate control to wash and wipe the windscreen (turn ignition on if necessary).

Combination 10

Q. Tell me how you would check that the headlights & tail lights are working. (No need to exit vehicle)

A. Operate switch (turn on ignition if necessary), then walk round vehicle. (As this is a "Tell Me" question, there is no need to physically check the lights).

Q. Show me how you would set the demister controls to clear all the windows effectively, this should include both front and rear screens.

A. Set all relevant controls including; fan, temperature, air direction / source and heated screen to clear windscreen and windows. Engine does not have to be started for this demonstration.

Combination 11

Q. Show me how you would switch on the rear fog light(s) and explain when you would use it/them. (No need to exit vehicle).

A. Operate switch (turn on dipped headlights and ignition if necessary). Check that the warning light is on and explain when you would use the rear fog lights.

Q. Tell me how you would know if there was a problem with your anti lock braking system.

A. Warning light should illuminate if there is a fault with the anti lock braking system.

Combination 12

Q. Show me how you would check that the brake lights are working on this car. (I can assist you. If you need to switch the ignition on, please don't start the engine).

A. Press the brake pedal and make use of reflections in windows, garage doors, etc, or ask someone to help (You may need to switch the ignition on but there is no need to start the engine).

Q. Tell me how you would check that the headlights & tail lights are working. (No need to exit vehicle)

A. Operate switch (turn on ignition if necessary), then walk round vehicle. (As this is a "Tell Me" question, there is no need to physically check the lights).

Combination 13

Q. Show me how you switch your headlights from dipped to main beam and explain how you would know the main beam is on whilst inside the car.

A. Operate switch (with ignition or engine on if necessary), check with main beam warning light.

Q. Tell me how you would know if there was a problem with your anti lock braking system.

A. Warning light should illuminate if there is a fault with the anti lock braking system.

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